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Milkrite Company has been established in 1885 in UK as part of Avon Rubber p.l.c. The company is one of the largest manufacturers of liners, milk tubes, air tubes and milk filters in the world, and is on the top ranking in manufacturing liners and rubber milking products, with annual production of 40 million liners, annual sales of over EUR 250 million and export to 65 countries across the globe. Milkrite has succeeded to be known as the largest manufacturer of various kinds of liners and tubes for milking machines and its products have a milking record of 15 million cows per day. The company is the biggest business partner for BouMatic, Westfalia, DeLaval, Fullwood and other renowned companies manufacturing milking machines and is providing these companies with 50% of its products.


Vitamin and mineral additives

The amount of minerals and vitamins in feeding dairy cows plays an important role in the production of milk, the health and safety of the immune system and reproduction. Over the past 20 years, genetic development in dairy cattle has increased the need for vitamins and minerals. Since 2001, extensive studies have been conducted to determine more precisely the amount of vitamins and minerals needed for livestock, which has caused a lot of changes in the needs of dairy cows for mineral and vitamin creatures since 2001. Part of these changes results from an antagonistic study of the relationship between the mineral and vitamin in drinking water on the need for livestock for the elements. It is clear that consuming more than just needed is not only economically but also harmful to animal health. The Nolan Feed Group has based its research on the actual amount of mineral and vitamin needed, and consultation with domestic and foreign centers as well as the study of the state of water resources of the country. It has been developing a mineral compound to separate compound separate depending on the type of use. The group is prepared to monitor the effects of mineral supplements with free advice and use of experienced experts at the farm level, considering the presence of minerals in water and animal feed, and according to the actual needs of each herd and the economic optimization of the product Make the perfect complement.

Vitamin and mineral additives2019-09-21T05:38:44+00:00


Liners are the only parts of a milking system which are in direct contact with the body of animals. As a result, their quality and properties affect milking process and livestock health to a great extent, so it is very important to use high quality liners for milking.

Liners have different varieties and are categorized according to orifice diameter, length, shape, body diameter, constituents and other features.

Why it is important to choose a good liner?

As a liner is opened and closed 2.5 million times during milking process, it deteriorates fast and after a while its orifice and body becomes loose which increases more pressure on animal teat, slips more and leads to problems such as mastitis or more pressure on milking machinery.

As liners are also exposed to heat and chemicals after milking, rubber gets decomposed by corrosive effects of such materials. Also, milk has negative effects on liners. Milk fat is absorbed by liner and so, there will be some residues on it.

What liners should be replaced?

When a rubber liner is used 2000-3000 times for milking, teat cup deteriorates and there will be no resistance against bacteria and pathogens. This causes an increase in somatic cells and mastitis. So, rubber liners must be regularly replaced after milking for 2500-3000 times. It increases livestock health and milk quality.

Specifications of liners:

  • Applicable for mobile and stationary milking systems
  • Applicable for 2500 times of milking
  • With no slippage to be correctly positioned on teats
  • Full milk discharge from teats

Insemination Gun Sheet

Insemination gun sheet keeps the gun sterilized to be used for different animals.

Also, it is sometimes utilized for cleaning livestock uterus.

For more hygienic conditions, it is better to use double sheets but they can only be used up to cervix. Double sheets prevent vagina from being contaminated by probable urine and feces.

It is recommended to keep plastic sheets used for insemination guns sterilized. If the gun is not utilized properly, plastic sheet wouldn’t be fixed on it and thus, some amount of sperm would flow between sheet and gun.

It is possible to remove the gun sheet if it is taken from its proper place.

This type of sheet is used for insemination of cattle, sheep and goat.

Insemination Gun Sheet2019-09-21T05:38:44+00:00

Plastic Gloves

Awareness of hygiene in dairy farms is very important and also treatment costs are high. Thus, all farmers attempt to protect animals against diseases.

Plastic gloves are commonly used for livestock purposes such as cattle and horse rectal palpation, animal delivery, treatment of sick animals and milking and have significantly helped in increasing herd’s hygiene.


  • Long sleeve veterinary gloves
  • Highly resistant against rupture and tension
  • Thin enough for a better touch and rapid pregnancy recognition
  • With no allergy and scratch on cattle’s vagina
  • Applicable for all veterinary purposes and all kinds of livestock, including horses
  • Made of plastic
Plastic Gloves
Plastic Gloves2019-09-21T05:38:44+00:00

DDGS Protein Value

Protein value of DDGS: A complex issue

German researchers looked at the effects of raw material use and production process on the quality of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), a by-product of ethanol production from cereal grains.

Distillers dried grains with solubles is used as a protein source for production animals. Like crude protein (CP) content, degradability and digestibility of CP and amino acids (AA) are predetermined by the raw material grain, but also affected by the production process to a considerable degree. A review, composed by researchers from the University of Bonn in Germany and in press for the Journal Animal Feed Science and Technology, highlights steps of the production process potentially affecting the protein value of DDGS.

Effects of feed processing steps

Heat influence during drying of this by-product is most discussed. During heating, AA can undergo a series of chemical reactions resulting in reduced digestibility or destruction of AA. To evaluate the heat influence on DDGS protein quality, measuring color variables, acid detergent insoluble N and AA content have been applied, although all of these methods have some limitations. Besides drying, further processing steps potentially affecting the protein value of DDGS are: high temperature application prior to drying or blending of product streams. Yeast protein contributes to DDGS protein but estimations of the actual amount differ considerably. Although the outlined effects and their underlying principles are known, their systematic investigation is impeded by the complex nature of the production process.

Production process is complex

In this review, several possible effects of the ethanol production process on DDGS protein value have been lined out. The underlying chemical, biological and technological principles of these effects are known. However, the production process is complex, effects may be additive or interactive and it is therefore difficult to quantify the outcome regarding protein value on a general basis. For example, the course of the Maillard reaction is not only influenced by temperature, but also duration, water activity and pH (Mauron, 1990). Targeted research to quantify the influence of single processing variables on DDGS protein value may probably only be possible on a laboratory scale. Regular monitoring of DDGS protein value by producers and users may be necessary, however, this is not as easy as evaluation of chemical composition.

Greater variability, better standardisation

The researchers address that ethanol production process is constantly evolving and new techniques are introduced, like raw starch hydrolysis as discussed above and fractionation of cereal grain or distillers grains, e.g. to remove fibre or oil (Berger and Singh, 2010; Rosentrater et al., 2012). This leads to diversification of distillers by-products and could lead to greater variability in chemical composition and protein value of DDGS (Martinez-Amezcua et al., 2007). On the other hand, it may contribute to better standardization and closely defined products within companies and plants.


Source: C. Böttger et al, https://www.allaboutfeed.net/New-Proteins/Articles/2018/9/Protein-value-of-DDGS-A-complex-issue-329233E/?cmpid=NLC|allboutfeed|2018-09-03|Protein_value_of_DDGS:_A_complex_issue

DDGS Protein Value2019-09-21T05:38:44+00:00

Delivery Rope

Calf delivery rope:

It is used for tying calf’s hands and legs as calving difficulty or stillbirth and assisting a cow for calving.

  • High resistance against pressure and torsion
  • Easily cleaned and fast disinfection
  • With no harm on calf’s skin
  • Applicable for cattle
  • Made of tarpaulin
Delivery Rope
Delivery Rope2019-09-21T05:38:45+00:00

Mycotoxin Sampling in Silos

Sampling is key in mycotoxin control. A team of Brazilian researchers put 2 different sampling methods to the test in maize and wheat silos.

The storage of cereals in vertical silos, whether or not equipped with temperature control and aeration, is a common practice throughout the world to preserve grain quality and safety. However, it is still possible that the cereals become contaminated with mycotoxins. The problem is that mycotoxin contamination of stored cereals often occurs in a highly heterogeneous manner. It is therefore key to use representative sampling to minimize analytical errors.

The objective of this study, in press for the World Mycotoxin Journal, was to compare mycotoxin analysis in stored maize and wheat using 2 sampling processes. Samples were obtained from 4 maize silos and 2 wheat silos. Samples of maize and wheat grains stored in silos, containing approximately 1000 tons of maize or wheat in each silo, were collected. The silos structures were identical (Ø=12 m, wall height =12.5 m and roof height =3 m), but the maize silos had temperature control and automated aeration while wheat silos had only manual aeration control.

For sampling, a pneumatic probe was introduced in the center and at the 4 central points of each quadrant, from the top to the bottom of the silo (12 m). In sampling process B, a single large sample that spanned the height of the silo was taken, whereas for sampling process A, the sample was split into 3 (upper third, middle third and lower third of the silo). The pneumatic probe was introduced 3 times at 5 points in each silo to give 45 global samples for process A and 15 global samples for process B, totaling 240 global maize samples and 120 global wheat samples in this study.

Results of the mycotoxin detection tests

LC-MS/MS was used for analysis of aflatoxins (AF), fumonisins (FB), zearalenone (ZEA) and deoxynivalenol (DON) in maize and DON and ZEA in wheat. Sampling procedures were compared with respect to the variability of the collected data. AF, FB, ZEA and DON were detected in 77.5, 100.0, 56.7 and 0.0% of the maize samples, respectively, and the mean concentration differed significantly between silos. In wheat, 100.0 and 97.5% of the samples were contaminated with DON and ZEA, respectively, and there was no significantly difference in mean concentration between silos.

Difference between sampling methods

Mycotoxin analysis performed in maize samples obtained using A and B sampling procedures exhibited the same variability. For wheat samples, process A provided lower variability for DON detection than process B. However, considering the silo as a whole, the 2 sampling procedures yielded samples that were similarly representative. The A or B sampling processes are both applicable in practice by the industry and may increase confidence in purchasing, sales and grain destination, increasing security in commercial transactions and adding value to stored grain.

Source: World Mycotoxin Journal, https://www.allaboutfeed.net/Mycotoxins/Articles/2018/8/   Mycotoxin-sampling-in-silos-2-methods-tested-326478E/?cmpid=NLC|allaboutfeed|2018-08-27|Mycotoxin_sampling_in_silos:_2_methods_tested

Mycotoxin Sampling in Silos2019-09-21T05:38:45+00:00

One-Piece Metal Ear Tag Applicator (2)

Ear tag applicator is used for applying tags on livestock ears rapidly and with less pressure. The equipment is also used for one piece ear tags.

As of the design of applicator, some points shall be noticed, like high durability, ergonomic and user-friendly design, security of both user and livestock and also the strength.

Although the applicator is used externally in case of ear bleeding, and as the apparatus becomes contaminated by blood, the contamination can be transferred between animals. So, it is recommended to clean the applicator with disinfectant solutions after using for each livestock.

Specification of ear tag applicator:

  • Highly resistant against strokes
  • In red color
  • Made of metal
ear tag applicator
One-Piece Metal Ear Tag Applicator (2)2019-09-21T05:38:45+00:00

Round Ear Tags

Ear tags play an important role in livestock identification and all information related to their parents, pedigree, diseases and treatments, breeding and all other things happened during their lives are registered according to the numbers allocated to each animal in management software or sheets.

Although all ear tags look similar, their component materials are important with regard to their durability during animal lifetime.

As some animals are willing to chew their ear tags, it’s not possible to chew the round one s and thus numbers stay longer. It seems that round tags would keep their shape for life long. Sometimes these tags are used with another ones however sometimes they are used alone.

If animals are kept for more than 6 months, using polyurethane tags with metal tips are recommended as they are highly resistant against pressure and strokes; i.e. metal tips are rigid enough against strokes, heat, humidity and other physical factors and in this way, tags would remain on livestock ear. Therefore, because of the rigidity of metal tips, it will be hard and time consuming to change animal’s identification number in case they are stolen.

Also it is possible to print desired numbers and other specifications by laser on these ear tags which leads to save more time and thus, numbers would remain longer in comparison with writing by markers. In this way, the dairy farm seems more industrialized and also the possibility of their robbery is reduces.

Specifications of Round Ear Tags:
  • Bottom- Shape, in two pieces and yellow color
  • Made of polyurethane
  • Applicable for sheep, goat and camel
  • Numbers can be printed by laser
  • With polyurethane pin
Round Ear Tags2019-09-21T05:38:45+00:00